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The Polish hydrogen strategy, published in the Dziennik Ustaw, provides goals for 2030 and 2040 for hydrogen market development, including the creation of a hydrogen highway study connecting the north and south of the country. The plan identifies 44 actions to achieve the goal of industrial-scale hydrogen production and the associated value chain.
The strategy supports electrolysis of water, gasification technology, fermentation or pyrolysis of biomass, steam reforming of biogas, steam reforming of biomethane, gasification, thermal treatment or pyrolysis of waste, waste gases, steam reforming of hydrocarbons with CO2 capture and storage technology (CCS/CCU), coal gasification with CCS/CCU technology, IGCC and IGFC technology, according to the minister.
Among the initiatives included in the strategy is the creation of a feasibility study for a North-South hydrogen pipeline, referred to in the document as the “hydrogen highway.” Also part of the plan is an “analysis of existing gas infrastructure for the possibility of injecting hydrogen and transporting hydrogen-gas mixtures.”
By 2030, the hydrogen plan sets the following goals:
- Plant capacity for low-carbon hydrogen production: 50 MW by 2025 and 2 GW by 2030;
- Number of hydrogen valleys: at least 5;
- 100-250 hydrogen buses in use by 2025 and 800-1000 by 2030;
- At least 32 hydrogen stations should be built by 2025;
- Finalization of the Agreement for the Development of the Hydrogen Economy (14 October 2021);
- Creation of the Hydrogen Valley Innovation Ecosystem and establishment of the Hydrogen Technology Center.
Pesa, PKP, and Orlen collaborate on hydrogen
It is worth noting, that at the beginning of autumn 2021, the signing of a collaboration agreement for the deployment of hydrogen technology in rail transport was announced by PKP, PKN Orlen, and Pesa. The firms wish to collaborate on research and development initiatives and activities related to the use of hydrogen as a rail vehicle fuel. Over 100 passenger rail carriages with hydrogen propulsion are included in the rolling stock designs submitted to the National Program for Reconstruction and Polish Order. The establishment of necessary infrastructure/filling stations and assuring hydrogen supplies are required for the implementation of these acquisitions and the entry of cars into operation. The answer to this difficulty is PKP SA, PKN Orlen, and Pesa’s collaboration, which aims to create solutions that enable the quickest possible introduction of hydrogen-powered rail cars to the Polish railway network, the companies summarized in their joint information.
Hydrogen refueling station in Krakow
Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen wants to open Poland’s first hydrogen refueling station in March or April 2022 in Krakow, according to PAP, citing Jozef Wegrecki, a member of the PKN Orlen management board for operational matters. It will be used to refuel buses. Wegrecki also indicated that other facilities will be developed in Poznan and Katowice a year later.
The concern from Plock said in October of this year that by the end of 2030, it planned to establish more than 50 hydrogen refueling stations across Poland.