Ten post dostępny jest także w języku: polski
The coronavirus pandemic is changing the world around us. Growing fear for our own health is at the same time raising awareness that it is time to return to nature. This trend is gaining momentum in many areas, including construction. The industry is increasingly relying on materials and solutions that are healthier for the user and better for the environment. Below is a compilation of some of the best wood architectural projects that have been created around the world during the pandemic.
TOP 1: Self-sufficient and healthy city made of wood
A self-sufficient city in terms of food and energy production is a concept of a housing estate created by Guallart Architects in Xiong’an New Area in China. The architectural studio has combined a traditional European town square with modern Chinese apartment buildings. The modern design includes greenhouses where vegetables, fruits and herbs can be grown, roofs covered with solar panels or workshops equipped with 3D printers to create tools. In addition, rainwater will be collected, and to maintain biodiversity, public gardens and orchards will be planted with insect- and butterfly-friendly flowers. The flats will have birdhouses. The model for the housing estate does not lack space for offices, shops, a food market, a kindergarten, a swimming pool or rooms for the fire brigade.
Guallart Architects’ aim was to create a project with a closed-circuit economy, with a minimum of waste and pollution. According to the concept, the entire building is to be made of cross-laminated timber.
TOP 2: Wooden school of the future
Italian architect Valentino Gareri presented a design for a modular educational centre, which he called Tree-House School. The design is of an energy-sustainable open space in a forest setting. The model combines various educational buildings such as a kindergarten, primary and secondary school, a community centre, a library or a café. According to the architect’s concept, the school of the future is to be a flexible space, open to nature, made of natural materials, in a modular design.
The educational centre consists of two circular buildings, two courtyards and a usable roof. Made of cross-laminated timber, the 55 square metre modules form a classroom that can accommodate up to 25 students. The design includes rainwater tanks, natural ventilation, photovoltaic panels and wind energy devices to make the school self-sufficient in terms of energy.
TOP 3: House of Life, a unique temporary hospital
Danish architectural studio PROTOTYPE has presented a project for a temporary treatment centre for infectious diseases called “Vital House“. The structure, which consists of prefabricated elements, can be built very quickly and at any location.
The design includes intensive care units and so-called communication rooms, enabling patients to receive visitors. A large green patio provides more oxygen in the building, helping patients to recover more quickly. Meanwhile, separate passageways and corridors ensure that patients do not encounter medical staff directly in the course of their daily activities. The air within the building is constantly monitored to prevent the spread of viruses.
Polskie Domy Drewniane SA (PDD) is a development company constructing energy-efficient residential, service and residential-service buildings made of wood. In its activities, PDD uses the domestic potential of the wood and construction industry based on modern technologies and the raw material base. The company’s main activity is the construction of multi-family buildings and estates of single-family houses for sale on the commercial market, as well as flats for rent and rent-to-own. The company was established by the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management and the Bank for Environmental Protection. PDD began operations in 2019.